Although the ELD mandate went into effect in December 2017, fleets still using automatic on-board recording devices (AOBRDs) to track hours-of-service (HOS) were able to delay implementing ELDs until the December 16, 2019 final deadline.
AOBRDs vs. ELDs: What’s the difference?
ELDs reflect updated FMCSA guidelines. While they also automatically record a driver’s driving time and speed to ensure compliance with HOS, ELDs are additionally required to have integral synchronization into a vehicle’s diagnostic port (like a JBUS or OBD-II port) to accurately record vehicle motion activity, engine hours, power status, vehicle motion status and location. While both AOBRDs and ELDs capture record of duty status data automatically at each duty status change, ELDs also capture RODS every 60 minutes while the vehicle is in motion, whenever the engine is powered on or off and at the beginning and end of personal use and yard moves. The ELD Mandate also requires that any time there is a driving event – i.e. any time the vehicle moves – an electronic log is created. Each log must be assigned to a driver or annotated, which is another major difference between AOBRDs and ELDs. This accounts for all times a vehicle is in motion and unassigned driving events; this prevents the tampering of driver hours data that sometimes occurs with AOBRD systems.
ELD Mandate Required Settings
- Automatic Duty Status change to Driving at 5 MPH
- Driver cannot select Driving duty status – contact ELD GROUP IF STATUS DOES NOT CHANGE
Log Edits – no one can edit drive time. Make sure you are in the correct status before you move!
- Drive time cannot be changed
- Cannot change Personal Conveyance or Yard Move to a non-driving activity
- Carrier can edit logs, but edits remain pending until driver has logged in
- Carrier can lengthen driving time but cannot shorten it. This includes time showing as driving even if truck has stopped.
- Edits are dependent on driver’s approval
- Driver prompted of changes to his log
- Driver must accept or reject edit
- Driver must enter in reason if rejected
ELD Mandate requires transfer of logs to law enforcement. If the transfer fails, the screen is a compliant log record.
- Directions for use are on the updated Driver Card
- IVG – eRODS can be transferred via email or Web Services
- XRS – eRODS transfer
Reconciliation of unassigned driving time starts with the driver.
- Driver must accept or reject the unidentified driving time
- If accepted, driving time is added to driver’s log
- If rejected, unidentified driving time is reconciled by carrier
- If no driver logs into the unit for 8 days after recorded unidentified driving time, the unidentified driving time will be reconcilable by carrier
- Certification must be done in 24-hour Increments
- Driver must approve logs daily
- Driver must recertify after edits
- Driver-Initiated and manually terminated – You must put yourself off duty when stopped
- Driver must enter comment when selected
- Does not automatically transition driver to Driving Duty Status when customer-defined personal conveyance threshold is met (number of minutes)
- Driver is alerted that Personal Conveyance threshold established by Carrier was exceeded